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How frightening or, to say, ugly, was the face of that hellish emergency? This can be gauged from the fact that the then unbridled Congress rule in India had also snatched the freedom of the press.
Whenever June 25 comes, many sour and sweet memories are refreshed. If we talk about sour memories, then on June 25, 1975, Indira Gandhi declared Emergency in the country.Emergency in India) was applied. Who did not leave Indira Gandhi, Congress and the country anywhere. Meaning that under the guise of emergency, in independent India, loved ones had pushed their ‘love’ in a worse situation than slaves. Laughing, speaking, speaking and listening at will was banned. All the powerful Indians were forcibly arrested and put in jails like animals. If we talk about a beautiful 25th June, then Indians can never forget that date of 1983, when India won the first World Cup in the history of cricket.India Win 1983 Cricket World Cup) was also put in his bag on the same date. For the time being, the matter of that dark day i.e. Emergency, which if the common Indians were not able to live, then the same Emergency had snatched the chair of the Prime Minister of Mrs. Indira Gandhi.
Some people also call the Emergency imposed in India on 25 days 1975 as ‘Civil Emergency’. How frightening or, to say, ugly, was the face of that hellish emergency? This can be gauged from the fact that the then unbridled Congress rule in India had also snatched the freedom of the ‘press’. It was announced to be heard on the radio only which could please the government. There was an order to print only those newspapers so that the government could celebrate. Moreover, the uncontrollable government in the name of emergency had also started deciding the privacy of the people on its own. The worst of which was called “sterilization”. Meaning, whenever and wherever the government wanted to capture and forcibly get it operated (sterilisation). The trouble is that there was no hearing anywhere in the country against that government which was unbridled. Means the total amount of dying here and living here was in the same condition, the helpless people of the country were helpless.
It is necessary to mention here that in the Lok Sabha elections held in 1971, on the slogan of ‘Garibi Hatao’, the people of India had given the opportunity to the Congress to form the government at the Centre. Then Indira Gandhi defeated her rival Raj Narayan by a huge margin of votes. However, then Indira Gandhi was also accused that, she had achieved such a big victory with the help of everyone. Since Indira Gandhi’s coin was frozen in that election. Therefore, after the election, the opponents kept shouting lakhs. But all that hustle and bustle proved to be in vain. However, after that election, the Allahabad High Court also reached the Allahabad High Court on the issue of rigging of elections, improper use of government employees, the opponents who sat down with Indira Gandhi’s thumping victory. On June 12, the Allahabad High Court not only annulled the election of Indira Gandhi. But his contesting elections was also banned for the next 6 years.
Indira Gandhi reached the Supreme Court against the decision of the Allahabad High Court. So there too, on June 24, 1975, Justice VR Krishna Iyer, justifying the decision of the Allahabad High Court, put his stamp on it. Not only this, the Supreme Court even ordered that all the privileges given to the Presidency MP Indira Gandhi should be stopped with immediate effect. Along with this, he was also ordered not to take part in the elections. However, even after all this, she could remain on the post of Prime Minister. Meaning, after the order of the Supreme Court, Indira Gandhi had left nothing more than a ‘rubber stamp’ even after being in the prime minister’s chair. He was left with no other option but to resign from the Prime Minister’s chair. Spanish writer Javier Moro writes in ‘The Red Sari’ that, “Indira wanted to resign from the post of Prime Minister. His younger son Sanjay Gandhi, however, stopped him from resigning. Sanjay Gandhi took the mother to another room. Sanjay Gandhi explained to the mother that if she resigned from the prime minister’s chair, the opposition parties could arrest her (Indira Gandhi) and put her in jail.”
Indira Gandhi found that advice of son Sanjay useful. So Indira Gandhi gave up her intention to resign. Till now the Jai Prakash Narayan side had sounded the bugle of rebellion against Indira across the country. They were holding protests and rallies across the country in opposition to Indira’s Khilafat. Whereas RK Dhawan, who was her personal secretary to counter Indira Gandhi, had also gathered in the buses to organize rallies in support of Indira Gandhi. Even after this, the JP movement overshadowed Indira Gandhi and her supporters. On June 25, 1975, JP and his supporters were about to hold a historic rally at the famous Ramlila Maidan in Delhi. Till then the country’s intelligence system had warned Mrs. Indira Gandhi that, if JP was successful in holding a rally at Ramlila Maidan, then no one would be able to stop the trumpeter of revolt against Indira Gandhi in the country.
Therefore, Indira Gandhi did not discuss with the cabinet on that dangerous input received from her intelligence agency. After discussing with Sanjay Gandhi and two of his close friends, he made a blue-print of a dangerous plan like imposing emergency in the country on 25 June 1975 itself. In a hurry, the then President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed had signed the documents of emergency implemented in the country at midnight. The Emergency, implemented on June 25, 1975, could end after about 21 months in 1977. It is said that as soon as the emergency was declared, opposition leaders were arrested overnight and put in jails. These included strong leaders from Indira Gandhi’s staunch opponent JP, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Morarji Desai, LK Advani. It is also said that Sanjay Gandhi had handed over a list of those opponents to the Chief Minister of his party who, under the guise of Emergency, had to be forcibly put in jails.
No news should be published in the newspapers against Indira Gandhi and Emergency. For this the press was censored. Even the electricity of newspapers was cut off. Strong Congress leaders and government officials, sitting in the offices of the newspapers, were giving permission to print every news only after reading it. Moro further writes in his book that, “Sanjay Gandhi even ordered the Chief Ministers of the state to strictly implement the sterilization campaign. In lieu of this, that is, to please Sanjay Gandhi, the then Chief Minister of Haryana, Banarsi Das Gupta, got sterilization of about 60 thousand people done in just 3 weeks. After this, there was pressure on other states to have people forcibly sterilised. Government officials were openly given targets, in how many days, how many people have to be forcefully sterilized. Those who got vasectomy were lured to take 120 rupees or a cask of edible oil or a radio from the government account.
In the midst of all these troubles, on January 18, 1977, Indira Gandhi had to announce the Lok Sabha elections in the country despite being forced and unwilling by the circumstances. Intentional opposition leaders whom he had forcibly imprisoned in jail citing emergency. All of them had to be released overnight. Finally, in view of the misfortune of that emergency, on March 21, 1977, Indira Gandhi had to announce the end of the emergency in the country. Earlier, when the results of the Lok Sabha elections held from March 16 to 20 came out, Indira Gandhi and the Congress party were not left capable of showing their faces in the country and the world. By reducing the Congress to 154 seats and getting it registered in 298 seats, the opposition convinced Indira Gandhi and her Congress that in a democracy, there is public mass and not government machinery or its misuse. Moreover, the Emergency was so heavy on Indira Gandhi that she lost from Rae Bareli in that election to her arch-rival leader Raj Narayan. The Congress did not get a single seat in that Lok Sabha election in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.