A new regulation banning “cosmetic surgeries” on cats and dogs has just been adopted in Quebec.
The regulation, which will take effect in 18 months, bans declawing, devocalization, tail docking and ear clipping of cats and dogs. These procedures will no longer be legal in Quebec unless performed for medical reasons.
Regulation respecting the welfare and safety of domestic animals and horses comes from the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food of Quebec.
It also defines minimum standards of care for keeping or rearing cats, dogs, guinea pigs, domestic pigs, rabbits, ferrets and equines, such as socialization, grooming and exercise.
It would make it illegal to euthanize animals by gassing.
In a news release, the ministry said the regulations will provide specific standards for pet owners and breeders across the province.
“The publication of the regulation is a major step forward for animal protection in Quebec,” said Minister, André Lamontagne.
Incorporating standards into law
The rule banning cosmetic surgeries on domestic pets comes after pressure from organizations such as the Quebec Order of Veterinarians, which banned its members from docking tails or cropping ears in 2017.
However, these restrictions were never formally enshrined in law – until now.
In a statement to CBC, the ministry said the 18-month waiting period is to give people and businesses time to comply with the new rules.
However, one rule that will come into effect from August 25 is that newly licensed breeders will be limited to 50 animals.
However, some animal rights advocates say the new rule should apply to existing operations as well.
“Anyone who currently owns more than 50 animals for breeding purposes will be allowed to keep those animals. And it’s only new breeders who apply for permits who are allowed to keep more than 50 animals. will not be given,” said Sophie Gaillard of Montreal SPCA.
“The measure has been diluted enough,” Gaillard said.